Korea



Generalities

General works

9000 General works and series [composite series and monographs about Korea in general or covering multiple subjects] [for works covering all or several aspect of Korean society as a whole see also social sciences and humanities]

9001 Festschriften

9002 Periodicals and newspapers on (South) Korea

—.90: Periodicals and newspapers on North Korea

9004 General bibliographies, libraries, and databases about (South) Korea [for bibliographies on abc, see abc] [for musea (all), collections, fairs and exhibitions see 9801-9802]

—.90: about North Korea

9006 [for reference works on abc see abc]

—.10: Encyclopedias

—.30: Statistic

—.40: Handbooks and white books

—.60: Yearbooks and almanacs

—.70: Directories, guides and indexes [for travel guides see 9200ff geography and local history]

Korean studies

9010 General and history

—.10: Premodern, earliest and ancient

—.50: Chosŏn period (1392-1910)

—.60: Modern period (1860s - )

9011

9012

9014

9015 Study and teaching

9016

9019 Generalities on other regions [division by table 2 World]



Information science and management

9020 General and history

—.10: Premodern, earliest and ancient

—.40: Koryŏ period (918-1392)

—.50: Chosŏn period (1392-1910)

—.60: Modern period (1860s-[1945]), 20th century general

—.70: Japanese annexation period (1905-1945)

—.80: Modern period, postwar period (1945- )

—.90: North Korea (1945- )

9021.10

—.20:

—.40:

—.50:

—.60:

9022 Electronic/digital information management

9023 Archival science

9024 Museology

9025 Library science [including bibliography]

9026 Books and publishing [including bibliopegy, printing, ...]

9029 Information science and management in other regions [division by table 2 World]



Philosophy and thought

9030 Philosophy and thought in general and history [for philosophy of abc, see abc]

—.10: Premodern, earliest and ancient

—.20: Proto-three kingdoms period (wŏnsamguk) (108 BC-313 AD)

—.30: Three kingdoms period (57 BC - 935 AD)

—.40: Koryŏ period (918-1392)

—.50: Chosŏn period (1392-1910)

—.60: Modern period (1860s-[1945]), 20th century general

—.70: Japanese annexation period (1905-1945)

—.80: Modern period, postwar period (1945- )

—.90: North Korea (1945- )

9031.10

—.20:

—.40:

—.50:

—.60:

9032 Works by individual philosophers (incl. criticism and analysis)

Major philosophical fields

9033 Ethics [ethics as philosophical field only; for ethics on abc, see abc]

9034 Logic

9035 Epistemology

9036 Metaphysics

Philosophical schools and traditions [for Buddhist philosophy and thought see 9070ff; for Taoist philosophy and thought see 9089.20]

9040 Confucianism [including religious aspects]

9045 Marxism, Maoism, communism, socialism [most works can be classified under 9291ff or 9567ff]

--.90: North Korea, Juch'e

9047 'Western' philosophy (in Korea)

9049 Philosophy in other regions [division by table 2 World]



Religion

9050 Religion in general and history [for Confucianism see 9040]

—.10: Premodern, earliest and ancient

—.20: Proto-three kingdoms period (wŏnsamguk) (108 BC-313 AD)

—.30: Three kingdoms period (57 BC - 935 AD)

—.40: Koryŏ period (918-1392)

—.50: Chosŏn period (1392-1910)

—.60: Modern period (1860s-[1945]), 20th century general

—.70: Japanese annexation period (1905-1945)

—.80: Modern period, postwar period (1945- )

—.90: North Korea (1945- )

9051.10

—.20:

—.40:

—.50:

—.60:

General aspects of religion [always check relevant religion if applicable]

9052 General

—.10: Philosophy of religion, theology, mythology

[ Theism and pantheism; Atheism, agnosticism; Faith and belief, salvation, Immortality, transmigration; Enlightenment, emancipation; Mysticism; Sacrality; Dogma, taboo]

—.30: Psychology of religion, spirituality

General relations and contrasts [always check relevant religion if applicable]

9053 General

—.10: Religion and philosophy

—.30: Religion and science and technology

—.50: Religion and state

—.70: Religion and society

—.90: Religious syncretism, intra-religious relations

General activities and practices of religion [always check relevant religion if applicable]

9054 General

— 10: Ritual, preaching and services

—.20: Festivals, processions, holidays, 'sabbat', vasting

General forms of religion [always check relevant religion if applicable]

9055 General

—.10: Ancestor worship

—.20: Folk religion

—.90: Demonology, monsters

[—.subs: Animism, nature worship, idolatry, fetishism, totemism, demonology]

9056 Occultism and divination, fortune telling and witchcraft

—.10: Chinese divination [book of changes, yin-yang, five elements]

—.20: Astrology (saju)

—.30: Fortune telling by anatomy [palm reading, blood type]

—.40: Geomancy (feng shui)

—.60: Witchcraft

Shamanism

9060General, history and biography

9061 Theology and scriptures

9062 Apologetics and relations

9064 Rituals, practices, events (incl. music and dance)

9066 Temples and monastries, pilgrimage [division by table 2 Korea]

9068 Schools, sects and denominations

9069 Art and literature

Buddhism

9070 General, history and biography

—.10: Premodern, earliest and ancient

—.20: Proto-three kingdoms period (wŏnsamguk) (108 BC-313 AD)

—.30: Three kingdoms period (313-935)

—.40: Koryŏ period (918-1392)

—.50: Chosŏn period (1392-1910)

—.60: Modern period (1860s-[1945]), 20th century general

—.70: Japanese annexation period (1905-1945)

—.80: Modern period, postwar period (1945- )

—.90: North Korea (1945- )

9071 Theology, scriptures and philosophy

9072 Rituals, practices, events

9073 Relations

9075 Other subjects on Buddhism

—.10: Art, architecture and design [see also 9800ff]

—.20: Literature [see also 9700ff]

9076 Schools, sects and denominations [(tendai tradition), (Mikkyo tradition)]

—.10: Wŏn

—.20: Sŏn (Zen, Chan)

—.30: Hwaŏm (Kegon, Huayan)

—.40: Chŏngt'o (Jeongto)

9077 Temples and monastries, pilgrimage [division by table 2 Korea]

New religions and other religions

9080 General, history and biography

9081 Ch'ŏndogyo / Donghak (Cheondogyo)

9082 Taejonggyo

9083 Chungsanggyo

9084 Gyeryongsan (Mt. Kyeryong) related

9086 Unification Church, Moonism (Tongil Gyohoe) [see also Christianity]

9087 Chondogwan [see also Christianity]

9088 other new religions

9089 Other religions in Korea

—.10: Shintoism

—.20: Taoism

—.80: Islam

—.90: Judaism

Christianity

9090General, history and biography

—.10: Premodern, earliest and ancient

—.60: Modern (1860s- )

—.90: North Korea (1945- )

9091 Theology, scriptures and apologetics

9093 Rituals, practices, events

9094 Relations

9096 Churches and monastries, pilgrimage [division by table 2 Korea]

9097 Schools, sects and denominations

—.10: Roman Catholic church

—.40: Protestant church

9099 Religion in other regions [division by table 2 World]



Ethnology

9100 Ethnology, origin, migration and ethnic relation with other peoples ['race' and people only; for culture, ethnography, anthropology and sociology see 9300ff]

[Koguryŏ, Wochu, Wuju, Okchŏ, Yilou, Hui, Samhan, Japanese, ...]

9108 Local ethnology [division by table 2 Korea]

9109 Ethnology of other regions [division by table 2 World]



Archaeology and antiquities

[see also art & antiquities and arts 9800ff, crafts & design 9840ff]

9110General, history and biography

—.10:

—.20:

—.40:

—.50:

—.60:

9112 Archaeology by period

—.10: Prehistoric, earliest and ancient

—.20: Proto-three kingdoms period (wŏnsamguk) (108 BC-313 AD)

—.30: Three kingdoms period (57 BC - 935 AD)

—.40: Koryŏ period (918-1392)

—.50: Chosŏn period (1392-1910)

—.60: Modern period (1860s- )

9114 Special classes of archaeological remains [pref. see art & antiquities 9800ff and arts, crafts & design 9840ff]

—.10: Shells and bones

—.20: Terra cotta

—.30: Stone objects

—.40: Metal objects

—.50: Bamboo and wooden objects

—.60: Textile and clothing

9118 Particular sites and local antiquities [division by table 2 Korea]

9119 Archaeology and antiquities of other regions [division by table 2 World]



Genealogy and biography

9120 General [for biographies on abc, see abc]

—.20:

—.40:

—.50:

—.60:

9121 Names, crests and signatures

9123 Genealogy

9125 Biography
[for biographies on abc, see abc; for specific periods, see also history by periods 9140ff; for specific localities see geography and local history 9218ff]

—.10: Premodern, earliest and ancient

—.20: Proto-three kingdoms period (wŏnsamguk) (108 BC-313 AD)

—.30: Three kingdoms period (57 BC - 935 AD)

—.40: Koryŏ period (918-1392)

—.50: Chosŏn period (1392-1910)

—.60: Modern period (1860s-[1945]), 20th century general

—.70: Japanese annexation period (1905-1945)

—.80: Modern period, postwar period (1945- )

—.90: North Korea (1945- )

9129 Genealogy and biography of other regions [division by table 2 World]



History

9130 General histories [for biographies see 9125 and relevant periods]

9132

9133 Excerpts, essays and selections

9134

9135

9136

9139 Historiography, theory, methodology and philosophy

History by periods

Premodern, ancient and earliest

9140 General [for archaeology see 9110; for ethnology see 9100]

9141 Ancient, earliest and legendary [Kojosŏn ( -108 BC), legendary (2317-1122 BC), Kija Chosŏn (1122-194 BC), Wiman (194-108 BC)]

9143 Proto-three kingdoms period (wŏnsamguk) (108 BC-313 AD) [see also see 9100 ethnology] [Puyŏ (Buyeo), Okchŏ (Okjeo), Dongye Samhan]

9144 Three kingdoms period (57 BC - 935 AD)

—.10: Koguryŏ (37 BC - 668 AD) [Parhae (Balhae) kingdom (698-926)]

—.40: Paekche (18 BC - 663 AD)

—.70: Silla (57 BC - 935 AD) [Kaya (Gaya) (42–562)]

9146 Koryŏ period (918-1392) [Khitan invasions (993-1019), coup d'etats (1135-1197) ; Mongol invasions and occupation (1231-1350)]

Chosŏn period (1392-1910)

9150General

9151 Early Chosŏn period (1392-1600)

9154 Japanese invasion, Imjin war (1592-1598)

9155 Late Chosŏn period, isolation, Qing dependency (1600-1895), Manchu invasions (1627, 1637)

Modern period (1860s- )

9160 General (1860s-[1945]), 20th century general

9161 Western intervention and opening of Korea (1860s-1910)

9165 Korean empire (Taehan cheguk) (1895-1910)

Japanese annexation period (1905-1945)

9170 General

9171 Annexation (1905-1910)

9173 World War I (1914-1918)

9178 World War II (1937-1945)

Modern period, postwar period (1945- )

9180 General

9181 North-South division and prelude to Korean war (1945-1950)

9182 Korean war (1950-1953)

9185 Contemporary South Korea (1988 - )

North Korea (1945- )

9190 General

9195 Contemporary North Korea (1994- ) (Kim Jong Il, Kim Jong-un)

Future

9199 General



Geography and local history

[including accounts of travel and travel guides]

9200 United and South Korea

9201

9202

9203

9204

9205

9206

9207 Maps and atlases [division by table 2 Korea]

9208 General, history and biography [of geography as a science]

9209

Geography and local history per region

Kyŏnggi-do (Gyeonggi-do)

9210 General

9211 Seoul / Kyŏngsŏng (Gyeongseong)

9212 Incheon, Suwŏn (Suwon)

9213 Cities, counties, towns

9214 Natural features and others

Kangwŏn-do (Gangwon-do) [SK]

9215 General

9216 Ch'unch'ŏn (Chuncheon)

9218 Cities, counties, towns

9219 Natural features and other

Ch'ungch'ŏng-pukto (Chungcheongbuk-do)

9220 General

9221 Ch'ŏngju (Cheongju)

9223 Cities, counties, towns

9224 Natural features and others

Ch'ungch'ŏng-namdo (Chungcheongnam-do)

9225 General

9226 Taejŏn (Daejeon)

9227 Sejong

9228 Cities, counties, towns

9229 Natural features and others

Kyŏngsang-pukto (Gyeongsangbuk-do)

9230 General

9231 Taegu (Daegu)

9232 Kyŏngju (Gyeongju)

9233 Cities, counties, towns

9234 Natural features and others

—.10: Dokdo (Tokdo, Takeshima, Liancourt rocks)

Kyŏngsang-namdo (Gyeongsangnam-do)

9235 General

9236 Pusan (Busan), Ulsan

9237 Ch'angwŏn (Changwon)

9238 Cities, counties, towns

9239 Natural features and others

Chŏlla-pukto, Chŏnra-pukto (Jeollabuk-do)

9240 General

9241 Chŏnchu (Jeonju)

9242 Natural features and others

Chŏlla-namdo, Chŏnra-namdo (Jeollanam-do)

9243 General

9244 Kwangju (Gwangju)

9245 Muan

9246 Natural features and others

Cheju and Cheju city (Jeju)

9247 General

9248 Natural features and others

Others in South Korea

9249 General (DMZ, oceans, mountains, etc.)

North Korea

9250 General

9251

9252

9253

9254

9255

9256

9257 Maps and atlases [division by table 2 Korea]

9259

P'yŏngan-namdo (Pyeongannam-do)

9260 General

9261 P'yŏngyang (Pyeongyang)

9262 P'yŏngsŏng (Pyeongseong), Namp'o (Nampo)

9263 Others

P'yŏngan-pukto (Pyeonganbuk-do)

9264 General

9265 Sinŭiju (Sinuiju) (capital and special administrative region)

9266 Others

Chagang-do (Jagang-do) [before 1949 see P'yŏngan-pukto]

9267 General

9268 Kanggye (Ganggye)

9269 Others

Ryanggang-do / Yanggang-do [before 1954 see Hamgyŏng-namdo]

9270 General

9271 Hyesan

9272 Others

—.10: Mount Paekdu

Hamgyŏng-pukto (Hamgyeongbuk-do) [incl. Okchŏ (Okjeo)]

9273 General

9274 Rasŏn (Raseon)

9275 Ch'ŏngjin (Cheongjin)

9276 Others

Hamgyŏng-namdo (Hamgyeongnam-do)

9277 General

9278 Hamhŭng (Hamheung)

9279 Others

Kangwŏn-do (Gangwon-do) [NK]

9280 General

9281 Wŏnsan (Wonsan), Kŭmgangsan (Geumgangsan)

9282 Others

Hwanghae-pukto (Hwanghaebuk-do)

9283 General

9284 Kaesŏng (Gaeseong), Sariwŏn (Sariwon)

9285 Others

Hwanghae-namdo (Hwanghaenam-do)

9286 General

9287 Haeju

9288 Others

Others North Korea

9289 General

Others Korea (united)

9290 General [Parhae (Balhae) kingdom (698-926)]

9299 History and geography of other regions [division by table 2 World]



Social sciences

9300 General, social and cultural history [socio-political and socio-economic works; for philosophy see 9030ff, for economy see 9400ff, for politics see 9500ff; for ethics see also 9033]

—.10: Premodern, earliest and ancient

—.20: Proto-three kingdoms period (wŏnsamguk) (108 BC-313 AD)

—.30: Three kingdoms period (313-935)

—.40: Koryŏ period (918-1392)

—.50: Chosŏn period (1392-1910)

—.60: Modern period (1860s-[1945]), 20th century general

—.70: Japanese annexation period (1905-1945)

—.80: Modern period, postwar period (1945- )

—.90: North Korea (1945- )

9302

9303

9304

9305

9306

Demography, population theory

9308 General

Social theory, movements and protests

9309 General [for philosophy see 9030ff]

Society, sociology (united and South Korea)

9310 General (including social psychology and other social-anthropological phenomena and aspects) [for culture and folklore see 9370]

—.10: Social identity and self (to be Korean; Korea-jinron; to be in Korea) [general; see also communities classes and groups xxx]

—.12: General social ethics, morals and values [for ethics see also 9033]

—.14: Wit and humor

—.16: Happiness

—.18: Rationality

—.20: Nationalism [see also xxx]

—.22: Leadership and loyalty

—.24: Human rights, freedom of speech [see also xxx]

—.30: Media, mass communications

—.32: Propaganda

—.34: Public opinion

—.90: Cross cultural contacts and contrasts [see also xxx]

Society, sociology (North Korea)

9315 General (including social psychology and other social-anthropological phenomena and aspects) [for culture and folklore see 9370]

—.10: Social identity and self (to be Korean; Korea-jinron; to be in Korea) [general; see also communities classes and groups xxx]

—.12: General social ethics, morals and values

—.14: Wit and humor

—.16: Happiness

—.18: Rationality

—.20: Nationalism [see also xxx]

—.22: Leadership and loyalty

—.24: Human rights, freedom of speech [see also xxx]

—.30: Media, mass communications

—.32: Propaganda

—.34: Public opinion

—.90: Cross cultural contacts and contrasts [see also xxx]

Communities, social classes and groups

9320 General

Social classes and class systems

9321General [elite, upper class, working class, middle class, underclass, outcasts]

—.10: Nobility, upper class

—.40: Middle class, working class

—.70: Underclass

—.80: Paekchŏng (baekjeong), outcasts

—.90: Slaves, nobi

Age groups

9322 General

—.10: Children [see also family 9325]

—.30: Youth and adolescents

—.50: Middle aged

—.80: Elderly [see also family 9325]

9323 Handicapped

9324 Specific occupations

—.10: Government officials (from heads of state to local bureaucracy and civil servants) [see also 9575, 9584 & 9569 political ceremonies]

—.20: Military [see also 9620ff]

—.30: Scholars, students, intellectuals [see also 9363ff]

—.40: Farmers [see also 9xxx and 9420ff]

—.50: Artisans, industrials, craftsmen, producers [see also 9430ff and 9840ff]

—.60: Merchants, traders [see also 9450ff]

—.70: Service industries and entertainment [see also 9440ff and 9760ff]

Family

9325General

—.10: Marriage and divorce [also see Weddings 9378.20]

—.20: Gender relations [family only; see also 9327]

—.30: Age relations, generations [within family relations; see also 9322ff]

—.40: Extended family

—.50: Interfamilial

—.60: Succession and inheritance

—.70: Children, child raising, family planning, bitrth control, adoption

Interpersonal relations

9326 General

—.10: Friendship

—.20: Acquaintances, friends of friends

—.30: Coworkers, colleagues

—.50: Sex [see also 9329]

—.90: Social clubs and societies [for clubs and societies of abc see abc; see also sports, hobbies and pastimes 9390ff]

Gender roles, women, feminism, men

9327 General

Sexual identity and preference (holebi, hetero, transsexual) [see also sexual relations 9326.50]

9329 General

Ethnic and racial communities [including general views on ethnic minorities, foreigners, xenofobia]

9330 General

9331 Immigrants (foreigners in Korea) [division by table 2 World]

9332 Immigrants in North Korea [division by table 2 World]

9334 Emigrants (Koreans in foreign regions) [division by table 2 World]

Local communities

9335 Local communities by region [division by table 2 Korea] [see also geography and local history 9200ff]

9336 Urban communities, the city

9337 Rural communities

Policy and pathology (including philanthropy)

9340 General

9341 Specific actors

—.10: State, social welfare

—.20: NGO, NPO

—.30: Religious organizations [see also specific religions 9050ff]

—.40: Private sector

—.50: Individual

—.70: International aid given

—.80: International aid received

9342 Specific subjects (welfare) [—.subs Reclusion; Suicide]

—.10: Poverty

—.20: Homelessness

9345 Health care and public health [see also 9950]

9346 Emergency services (fire department, ambulances service, disaster relief)

9347 Specific subjects (social degeneration)

—.10: Corruption

9348 Police

9349 Criminology, crime and punishment (including social degeneration) [—.subs:Drugs and dependence (legal); Drugs and dependence (illegal); Prostitution; Gambling; Crime, gansters, mobsters; Vigilantism, revenge, ?treason/defection?]

9359 Sociology and anthropology, culture and customs in other regions [division by table 2 World]



Education

9360 General, history and biography

—.10: Premodern, earliest and ancient

—.20: Proto-three kingdoms period (wŏnsamguk) (108 BC-313 AD)

—.30: Three kingdoms period (313-935)

—.40: Koryŏ period (918-1392)

—.50: Chosŏn period (1392-1910)

—.60: Modern period (1860s-[1945]), 20th century general

—.70: Japanese annexation period (1905-1945)

—.80: Modern period, postwar period (1945- )

—.90: North Korea (1945- )

9361.10

—.20:

—.40:

—.50:

—.60:

9362 Pedagogy, educational psychology and sociology (incl school life)

9363 Administration and management

Levels and types of education

9364 General

—.10: Preschool and kindergartens

—.30: Elementary education

—.50: Secondary education

—.70: Higher education

—.90: Professional and vocational education

Special forms of education

9365 General

—.10: Moral education [see also ethics 9033]

—.20: Religious education [see also religion general 9057.50 and specific religions 9070ff]

—.30: Home education, visiting teachers

—.40: Self education

—.50: Additional education (adult, evening, vocational, corespondance)

—.60: Tutoring, cram school

—.70: Mass education (Open universities, tele-academies)

9366 Individual educational institutions [division by table 2 Korea]

Foreign exchange

9367 Koreans studying abroad [division by table 2 World]

9368 Foreigners studying in Korea [division by table 2 World]

9369 Education in other regions [division by table 2 World]



Culture, customs, folklore and anthropology

9370 General and history

9371.10

—.20:

—.40:

—.50:

—.60:

Cultural trends and movements [spanning culture, philosophy, arts, literature, etc; for trends and movements on abc see abc]

9372General

—.10: Traditionalism

—.30: Modernism

—.40: Postmodernism

—.80: Popular culture

Food, shelter, clothing, hygiene

9375General

—.10: Food and drink (and alcohol and tobacco)

—.20: Shelter, housing and dwellings, cleaning

—.30: Dress, costume, make-up, accesoires [see also 9850]

—.40: The body, personal hygiene (bathing)

Special occasions

9378General

—.10: Offerings and gifts in general [in relation to abc see abc]

—.20: Weddings [see also Marriage and divorce 9325.10]

—.30: Birth

—.40: Funerals [see also religion 9050ff]

—.50: Banquets and parties

—.60: Festivals and holidays [see also aspects and activities of religion 9060ff and specific religions 9068ff]

Hobbies and pastime

9380 General and history

9382 Amateur artistics

9384 Art and literary appreciation

9386 Culinary and gourmet

9388 Collecting, spotting and models

Sports, games and toys

9390 General, history and biography

—.10: Premodern, earliest and ancient

—.20: Proto-three kingdoms period (wŏnsamguk) (108 BC-313 AD)

—.30: Three kingdoms period (313-935)

—.40: Koryŏ period (918-1392)

—.50: Chosŏn period (1392-1910)

—.60: Modern period (1860s-[1945]), 20th century general

—.70: Japanese annexation period (1905-1945)

—.80: Modern period, postwar period (1945- )

—.90: North Korea (1945- )

9391.10

—.20:

—.40:

—.50:

—.60:

9392 Martial arts

—.10: Teakwondo

9393 Ball and racket sports

—.10: Soccer

9394 Track and field, athletics

9396 Other sports

9397 Games

9398 Toys

9399 Culture, customs, folklore and anthropology in other regions [division by table 2 World]




Economy and industry

[where possible technology is intergrated]

9400 General and history

—.10: Premodern, earliest and ancient

—.20: Proto-three kingdoms period (wŏnsamguk) (108 BC-313 AD)

—.30: Three kingdoms period (313-935)

—.40: Koryŏ period (918-1392)

—.50: Chosŏn period (1392-1910)

—.60: Modern period (1860s-[1945]), 20th century general

—.70: Japanese annexation period (1905-1945)

—.80: Modern period, postwar period (1945- )

—.90: North Korea (1945- )

9401.10

—.20:

—.40:

—.50:

—.60:

9409

—.90: North Korea

Economic and industrial organization, relations and management

9410 General organization and systems

9411 Conglomerates, Chaebŏl

Relations

9413General

—.10: Relations with state

—.30: Relations with military

—.50: Relations with society

—.70: Relations with environment

Business methods and management

9415General, management and business methods [incl. 'doing businesss with Korea']

9416 [specific]

—.10: Accounting and bookkeeping

—.30: Marketing and advertizing

—.50: Warehousing and storing

—.70: Contracts and negotiations

Labor and employment

9417 General

9418 [specific]

—.10: Labor and employment systems

—.20: Social conditions of labor (insurance, working conditions, hygiene)

—.22: Wages and hours

—.28: Unemployment

—.30: Labor unions, guilds

—.32: Strikes, disputes and arbitration

—.60: Women

—.70: Child labor

—.80: Slave labor

—.90: Migrant labor, foreign workers

Primary industries

Agricultural industires

9420 General

9421 Agronomy, horticulture, gardening and forestry

9422 Animal husbandry (including bee-keeping and sericulture)

9423 Fishery and hunting

Land and real estate (development)

9424 General

Resource industries

9425 General

9426 Minerals and mining

9427 Water

9428 Energy producrtion

Manufacturing industries (secondary)

9430 General

9431 Heavy industries, metal manufacturers, engineering, buillding

9432 Automotive, shipbuilding, aviation and space industry

9433 High tech, ICT, electronics, household appliances

9434 Petro-chemical industry

9435 Food manufacturing industry

9436 Textile and leather industry

9437 Wood, paper and pulp industry

9439 Military and weapon industry

Service industry (tertiary)

9440 General [for retail see commerce and trade]

9441 Transportation industries (land, water, air)

9443 Communication industries (postal, telecommunication, internet, ict)

9445 Journalism and news media

9449 Tourism industries

Commerce and trade [including general consumption and retail]

9450 General

9459 Internal trade and local economy [division by table 2 Korea]

International trade and economic relations (South) Korea

9460

9461

9462

9463

9464

9465

9466

9467

International trade and economic relations North Korea

9470

9471

9472

9473

9474

9475

9476

9477

Finance

9480 General

9482 Money

9483 Price and value (indexes, costs and standard of living)

9484 Public finance and taxation

9486 Banking

9487 Insurance

9488 Speculation and stock exchange

9499 Economy and industry in other regions [division by table 2 World]




Politics, law and defense

Politics

9500 General and history

—.10: Premodern, earliest and ancient

—.20: Proto-three kingdoms period (wŏnsamguk) (108 BC-313 AD)

—.30: Three kingdoms period (313-935)

—.40: Koryŏ period (918-1392)

—.50: Chosŏn period (1392-1910)

—.60: Modern period (1860s-[1945]), 20th century general

—.70: Japanese annexation period (1905-1945)

—.80: Modern period, postwar period (1945- )

—.90: North Korea (1945- )

9501

9502

9504

9505

9506

9509 Political theory and philosophy [for broader social-political and socical-economical ideology see 9309]

State

9510 General and history (organization of state)

9512 Specific branches of state [subs]

9513 Constitution

9514 Heads of state [kings, emperors, presidents]

9516 Ceremonies and rites

9518 Citizenship, immigration, emigration [techinical only; for immigrants in Korea and emigrants from Korea see 9330ff]

Central government

9520 General

9521 Cabinet

9523 Ministies and departments [subs]

9525 Bureaucracy and civil servants

9526 Examination and control organs

9527 National assembly, representation and electoral system

9529 National political parties

—.90: North Korea (1945- )

Local government and decentralization

9530 General

9532 Local administration, organization and systems [division by table 2 Korea]

9534 Local representation and electoral systems [division by table 2 Korea]

9539 Local political parties [division by table 2 Korea]

International politics, law and relations

9540 General and history

—.10: Premodern, earliest and ancient

—.20: Proto-three kingdoms period (wŏnsamguk) (108 BC-313 AD)

—.30: Three kingdoms period (313-935)

—.40: Koryŏ period (918-1392)

—.50: Chosŏn period (1392-1910)

—.60: Modern period (1860s-[1945]), 20th century general

—.70: Japanese annexation period (1905-1945)

—.80: Modern period, postwar period (1945- )

9548 Diplomacy (theory and organization of diplomatic and consular systems)

9549 North-South relations (policy and administration)

(South) Korea by region

9550

9551

9552

9553

9554

9555

9556

9559

North Korea (1945- ) by region

9560 General,

9561

9562

9563

9564

9565

9566

9569

Defense and military

9570 General and history

—.90: North Korea (1945- )

9572 Army

9574 Navy

9576 Air force

9578 Special subjects

—.10: Weaponry

—.90: Special forces

Law and jurisprudence

9580 General and history

—.90: North Korea (1945- )

Law on specific topics [purely judicial only; for law on abc, see abc]

9582 General [criminal, civil, commercial, ...]

Judicial organization and procedures

9585 General [types of court, code of procedure, judges, jury system, lawyers and pleading, evidence and witness, arbitration, ...]

International law

9587 General [for treaties and policies see also 9540ff]

9588 Specific subjects [for treaties and policies see also9540ff]

—.10: Internal jurisdiction and sovereignty

—.20: World court and international arbitration

—.30: Universal human rights [see also 9310.24 and 9315.24]

—.40: Law of war and peace

—.50: Immigration and emigration laws [see also 9331- 9334]

—.60: Private international law

9599 Politics, law and defense in other regions [division by table 2 World]



Language and linguistics

9600 General and hisory

—.10: Premodern, earliest and ancient

—.20: Proto-three kingdoms period (wŏnsamguk) (108 BC-313 AD)

—.30: Three kingdoms period (313-935)

—.40: Koryŏ period (918-1392)

—.50: Chosŏn period (1392-1910)

—.60: Modern period (1860s-[1945]), 20th century general

—.70: Japanese annexation period (1905-1945)

—.80: Modern period, postwar period (1945- )

—.90: North Korea (1945- )

9601

9602

9604

9605 [didactics; SLO; how to teach and how to study (and where)]

9606 [for dictionaries see 9683ff]

9609 [socio- and psycholinguistics, etc]

Origin and relations

9610 General

9611 Etymology and derivation

9612 Dialects and variation [division by table 2 Korea]

9614 Sign language

9619 Foreign words and phrases [division by table 2 World]

Writing and orthography

9630 General

9631 Korean syllabic script (hangul)

9633 Sino-Korean script, Chinese characters (hanja, hangch'al, kugyŏl, idu), mixed script [for hanja dictionaries see 9669]

9635 Use of foreign writing systems (roman, arabic numerals)

9637 Romanization, transcription (revised, McCune Reischauwer, Yale)

9639 Other subjects

—.10: Shorthand, stenography, abbreviation

—.30: Cyptography

—.50: Braile

—.90: Word processing

Phonetics, phonology, pronunciation, spoken language

9640 General

Grammar

9650 General

9652 Parts of speech

—.10: Nouns, pronouns, demmonstratives

—.20: Verbs, auxiliaries, modality

—.30: Adjectives

—.40: Adverbs

—.50: Numerals

—.60: Particals, pre-positions, post-positions, modifiers, conjunctions

—.80: Interjections

9656 Syntax

9658 Semantics and rhetorics [including: idiom, collocation]

Dictionaries and vocabularies, lexicography

9660 General [for dictionaries and vocubalaries on abc, see abc]

Korean - Korean dictionaries

9661 General

—.10: Classical Korean, archaisms

—.80: Neologisms

—.90: North Korean

9662 Synonyms

9669 Hanja, Chinese characters [including hanja to foreign]

Korean - foreign - Korean dictionaries [for dictionaries and vocubalaries on abc, see abc]

9670 Multiple, world, transregional [division by table 2 World]

9671 Asian languages [division by table 2 Asia]

9672 European languages [division by table 2 Europe]

9673 African languages [division by table 2 Africa]

9674 North and Central American languages [division by table 2 North and Central America]

9675 South American languages [division by table 2 South America]

9676 Australian and Oceanian languages [division by table 2 Australia and Oceania]

Translation and interpretation

9679 General

Study materials [always check relevant language subjecs]

[see 9605 for theory and practice of studying and teaching]

9680 General

9681 Hangul (reading and writing)

9682 Hanja (reading and writing)

9683 Reading (general)

9684 Writing, composition

9685 Pronunciation, prosody, aural comprehension, listening

9686 Conversation, phrases, idiom and expressions

9687 Classical Korean, Sino-Korean

9688 Specific subjects [newspaper, technical, business, comics,...]

—.95: Medical science

9689 Specific test and exams

Languages in other regions [incl. study of other languages by Koreans]

9690

9691

9692

9693

9694

9695

9696

9699



Literature

[for literary works of drama, songs etc. see performing arts 9740ff]

9700 General, history and biography

—.10: Premodern, earliest and ancient

—.20: Proto-three kingdoms period (wŏnsamguk) (108 BC-313 AD)

—.30: Three kingdoms period (313-935)

—.40: Koryŏ period (918-1392)

—.50: Chosŏn period (1392-1910)

—.60: Modern period (1860s-[1945]), 20th century general

—.70: Japanese annexation period (1905-1945)

—.80: Modern period, postwar period (1945- )

—.90: North Korea (1945- )

9701

9702

9703 (of multiple literary forms)

—.10: Premodern ( - 1860s)

—.60: Modern (1860s - )

9704

9705

9706

9709

Fiction and prose

9710 General, history, biography and criticism

—.10: Premodern ( - 1860s)

—.60: Modern (1860s - )

9711.20

—.40:

—.50:

—.60:

9712 Styles and types

9716

—.10: Premodern ( - 1860s)

—.60: Modern (1860s - )

9717 Works by individual authors [division by table 3 Korea <--.60 = modern (1860s-present)>]

9718 Independent works by multiple authors [for anthologies, selections and series see also 9716][division by table 3 Korea <--.60 = modern (1860s-present)>]

9719 Foreign fiction and prose about Korea [division by table 2 World]

Poetry

9720 General, history, biography and criticism

—.10: Premodern ( - 1860s)

—.60: Modern (1860s - )

9721.20

—.40:

—.50:

—.60:

9722 Styles and types [for p'ansori see 9768]

—.10: Hyangga

—.20: Sijo (tan'ga)

—.30: Kasa

—.40: Byeolgok (dallyeonche and yeonjanche) [see also songs 9773.30]

—.50: In (classical) Chinese, hansi

—.60: Imaginist

—.70: Lyrical

—.80: Patriotic

9726

—.10: Premodern ( - 1860s)

—.60: Modern (1860s - )

9727 Works by individual authors [division by table 3 Korea <--.60 = modern (1860s-present)>]

9728 Independent works by multiple authors [for anthologies, selections and series see also 9726][division by table 3 Korea <--.60 = modern (1860s-present)>]

9729 Foreign poetry about Korea [division by table 2 World]

Special subjects in Korean literature

9730 Essays, oratory, speeches [non-fiction; always check biographies]

9731 Literary diaries, letters and accounts of travel [always check geography and biographies]

9732 Storytelling, oral literature, tales and legends, legends [for p'ansori see 9768]

9734 Juvenile literature

9735 Comics, cartoons

9736 Satire and humor

9737 Proverbs, maxims, sayings [for dictionaries see also 9685.60]

9738 Korean literary writing in Chinese

9739 Literature in other regions [division by table 2 World] [including foreign literature translated into Korean]




Performing and media arts

9740 General

—.40 Libraries, bibliography, databases, musea, exhibitions, auctions

—.60 Reference works

9741 History and biography

—.10: Ancient, premodern

—.20: Proto-three kingdoms period (wŏnsamguk) (108 BC-313 AD)

—.30: Three kingdoms period (57 BC - 935 AD)

—.40: Koryŏ period (918-1392)

—.50: Chosŏn period (1392-1910)

—.60: Modern period (1860s-[1945]), 20th century general

—.70: Japanese annexation period (1905-1945)

—.80: Modern period, postwar period (1945- )

—.90: North Korea (1945- )

Theater, drama

9745 General

9749 Plays, scripts and scenarios

Dance

9750► General

Performance art

9755 General

Variety entertaintment

9760 General

Music

9765 General

9766 Ritual and sacred music

9768 Vocal music and songs (incl. p'ansori)

9770 Instrumental music and instruments

Radio

9775 General

Television

9780 General

9784 Recordings, plots and comments

Video and interactive arts

9785 General

Cinema

9790 General

9795 Recordings, plots and comments

—.10: Collections and anthologies

—.20: Animated films

—.30: Collections and anthologies of animated films

9799 Performing and media arts in other regions [division by table 2 World]



Art and antiquities

9800 General

—.10

—.20

—.40 Libraries, bibliography, databases

—.60 Reference works

Musea, exhibitions, galleries, collections, fairs, auctions

9801 In Korea

—.50: North Korea

9802 In other regions (about Korea)

9802: World and transregional

—.10: Asia

—.20: Europe

—.30: Africa

—.40: North and Central America

—.50: South America

—.60: Australia and Oceanea

Cultural heritage [all recognized types and all classes (UNESCO, intangible, ...)]

9803General

History and biography [division by table 3 Korea]

9808General

—.10: Ancient, premodern

—.20: Proto-three kingdoms period (wŏnsamguk) (108 BC-313 AD)

—.30: Three kingdoms period (57 BC - 935 AD)

—.40: Koryŏ period (918-1392)

—.50: Chosŏn period (1392-1910)

—.60: Modern period (1860s-[1945]), 20th century general

—.70: Japanese annexation period (1905-1945)

—.80: Modern period, postwar period (1945- )

—.90: North Korea (1945- )

Aesthetics, symbolism, iconography and motifs

9809 General

Painting and drawing

9810 General

Calligraphy

9820 General

Photography

9825 General

Sculpture

9830 General

Arts, crafts and design

9840 General

9845 Interior decoration, furniture

9850 Costume and accessories

9855 Needlework and textile art

9860 Ceramics and glassware [celadon 청자]

9865 Metal works

9870 Wood and paper works

9875 Lacquer ware

Architecture

9890 General

9891 Specific types

—.10: Religious buildings

—.20: Palaces and castles

—.30: Mausolea, memorials

—.40: Pavilions

—.50: Educational and scientific buildings

—.70: Domestic architecture

9893 Urban planning

9895 Landscape architecture

9899 Art, antiquities, craft and design in other regions [division by table 2 World]



Science and technology

9900 General, history and biography [division by table 3 Korea]

—.10: Ancient, premodern

—.20: Proto-three kingdoms period (wŏnsamguk) (108 BC-313 AD)

—.30: Three kingdoms period (57 BC - 935 AD)

—.40: Koryŏ period (918-1392)

—.50: Chosŏn period (1392-1910)

—.60: Modern period (1860s-[1945]), 20th century general

—.70: Japanese annexation period (1905-1945)

—.80: Modern period, postwar period (1945- )

—.90: North Korea (1945- )

9901.40 Libraries, bibliography, databases, musea, exhibitions, auctions

—.60: Reference works

Mathematics

9905 General

Astronomy

9910 General

Physics

9915 General

Chemistry

9920 General

Geological sciences

9925 General

Biology

9930 General

9931 General Ecology

9935 Botany

9940 Zoology

9945 Physical anthropology (human biology)

Medical science

9950 General

Technology

9960 General

9962 Industrial technology

9964 Household and consumer technology

9966 Industrial handicrafts and artisan trades

9974 Biological and agricultural technology

9976 Chemical technology

9980 Engineering

9982 Mining

9986 Nuclear technology

9988 ICT Technology

9990 Natural sciences and technology in other regions [division by table 2 World]



9998 Other subjects on Korea



9999 Other subjects on other regions [division by table 2 World]