Language and literature


Language and linguistics 言語・日本語

5000 General, history and biography 一般・国語史

—.10: Kodai, prehistoric and ancient, premodern

—.20: Nara period (645-794)

—.30: Heian period (794-1185)

—.40: Kamakura period, Yoshino (1185-1392) and Chūsei in general (1185-1600)

—.50: Muromachi, Ashikaga, Sengoku and Azuchi-Momoyama periods (1392-1615)

—.60: Kinsei, Edo, Tokugawa period, early modern (1600-1867)

—.70: Kindai (1850s- ), bakumatsu, Meiji, Taishō

—.80: Gendai (1926- ), Shōwa period, 20th century

—.90: Postwar Shōwa (1945- ), Heisei period (1989- ), contemporary

5001

5002

5004

5006 Reference works [for dictionaries see 5300]

5009 [socio- and psycholinguistics, etc]

Origin and relations

5010 General [altaic; relation to Korean, Finnish, Turkish, Hungarian, ...; comparative; ...]

5018 Etymology 語源

5019 Gairaigo 外来語

Dialects and variation 方言

5020 General [for Ainu and other minority languages in Japan see 5090]

By region

5021 Kantō region (and Honshū in general)

5022 Tōhoku region

5023 Chūbu region

5024 Kansai and Kinki region

5025 Chūgoku region

5026 Shikoku region

5027 Kyūshū and Okinawa regions

5028 Hokkaidō and Northern territories [for Ainu and other minority languages in Japan see 5090]

5029 Remote and others [former colonies, Brazillian community, abroad etc.]

Gender

5030 General

Children's language

5040General

Sign language

5080General

Minority languages in Japan

5090 General

5091 Ainu

5092 Ryukyuan

5093 Chinese

5094 Korean

Writing and orthography 文字

5100 General

5110 Kanji, Chinese characters 漢字

5120 Hiragana, katakana, Japanese syllabary 仮名文字 [kuzushiji 崩し字]

5130 Punctuation 句読点・訓点

5140 Romanization ローマ字 [incl. use of alphabet and arabic numerals]

5150 Others

5151 Word processing and computing

5157 Abbreviation and truncation (incl. steno)

5158 Signs and symbols

5159 Cryptography

Phonetics, phonology, pronunciation, spoken language 音声・音韻・音韻

5180 General [for Japanese reading of Chinese characters see Kanji 5110]

Grammar 文法

5200 General

5209 Classical Japanese [bungo, sōrōbun]

5210 Morphology [incl. makurakotoba] [for lexicography and vocabulary see 5300]

5220 Nouns, pronouns and demonstratives

5230 Particles, post-positions

5240 Adjectives and numerals

5250 Verbs, auxiliaries, modality

5260 Adverbs, conjunctions, interjections [incl. onomatopeia]

5270 Syntax [incl. composition, sakubun]

5280 Semantics and rhetoric, spoken language [incl. keigo, honorofic language, kotowaza, proverbs and sayings]

5290 Kanbun

Dictionaries and vocabularies, lexicography

[for dictionaries and vocabularies on specific (language) subjects, see also those subjects; for morphology see also 5210]

5300 General

5310 Japanese - Japanese dictionaries

Specific language subjects

[for dictionaries and vocabularies on specific (language) subjects, see also those subjects]

5311 Synonyms, homonyms

5312 Idiom, expressions, proverbs and sayings [also see literature 5280]

5313 Colloquial Japanese, spoken language [for dialects and variation see 5020]

5314 Jargon and slang [for language used in ABC see ABC]

5315 Archaisms, classical Japanese, kogo [for etymology see 5018]

5316 Neologisms [for loanwords, gairaigo preferably see 5019]

5317 Onomatopeia [see preferably 5260]

5319 Kanji, kanwa [incl. kanji to foreign]

Foreign - Japanese - foreign dictionaries

Asian languages

5320 Chinese [for kanji dictionaries see 5319]

5321 Korean

5330 Sanskrit

5340 Arabic

5349 other Asian lanuages [division by table 2 Asia]

European languages

5350 English

5351 German

5355 Dutch

5360 Portuguese

5361 Spanish

5362 French

5363 Italian and Latin

5364 Greek (modern and ancient)

5370 Russian

5379 other European languages [division by table 2 Europe]

5379.13: Swedish

5379.14: Finnish

Other languages

5380 African languages [for Arabic see 5340]

5382 North and Central American languages [for English see 5350]

5384 South American languages [for Spanish see 5361; for Portugese see 5360]

5386 Australian and Oceanian languages

5388 Artificial languages and others [Esperanto, Klingon, ...]

Translation and interpretation

5390 General

Study and teaching

5400 General teaching [didactics; SLO; how to teach and how to study (?and where?)]

Study and teaching materials

5410 General

5411 Pronunciation, prosody

5412 Aural comprehension, listening

5413 Kanji and kana (reading and writing)

5414 Reading (general)

5415 Writing, composition, sakubun

5416 Conversation

5417 Idiom and phrases

5418 Classical Japanese [see also 5209]

5419 Kanbun [see also 5290]

5420 Business Japanese

5421 Newspaper Japanese

5422 Manga Japanese

5423 Technical Japanese

Specific test and exams

5450 General [Nihongo nōryoku shiken, ... ]

Other languages 外国語 [incl. study of other languages by Japanese]

5490 General, world and transregional [division by table 2 World]

5491 Asian languages [division by table 2 Asia]

5492 European languages [division by table 2 Europe]

5493 African languages [division by table 2 Africa]

5494 North and Central American languages [division by table 2 North & Central America]

5495 South American languages [division by table 2 South America]

5496 Australian and Oceanian languages [division by table 2 Australia & Oceania]



Literature 文学

5500 General, history, biography and criticism [encompassing all of literatue]

—.10: Premodern, ancient and earliest

—.20: Nara period (645-794)

—.30: Heian period (794-1185)

—.40: Kamakura period, Yoshino (1185-1392) and Chūsei in general (1185-1600)

—.50: Muromachi, Ashikaga, Sengoku and Azuchi-Momoyama periods (1392-1615)

—.60: Kinsei, Edo, Tokugawa period, early modern (1600-1867)

—.70: Modern, Kindai (1850s- ), bakumatsu, Meiji, Taishō

—.80: Gendai (1926- ), Shōwa period, 20th century

—.90: Postwar Shōwa (1945- ), Heisei period (1989- ), contemporary

5501

5502

5504

5505

5506

5509

Collections, series and anthologies (of more than one literary form)

5510 General [--.sub special subjects]

5511 Premodern, earliest to Edo ( -1868)

5512 Modern, Meiji, Taishō, Shōwa, Heisei (1868- )

Local literature (all forms of literature)

5570 General and history [division by table 2]

Literature of minority languages in Japan (all forms of literature)

5580 General

Foreign literature about Japan (all forms of literature)

5590 General

Special literary forms and types of literature

5610 Oral literature, story telling (text and study) [for rakugo and manzai see 6843]

5620 Folk tales, fairy tales, mukashibanashi, ghost stories (text and study)

5630 Diaries, letters and accounts of travel

5640 [Oratory and speeches (of a literary nature)]

5680 Juvenile literature and children's books

5690 Japanese literature in Chinese (kanbun) (all forms of liteature)

Poetry 詩歌

5700 General and history

5710 Waka, tanka, chōka [for kyōka see 5740]

5715 Man'yōshū

5720 Renga, renku, hokku

5730 Haiku, haikai

5740 Senryū, kyōka (comic haiku and tanka) 川柳・狂歌

5760 Songs and ballads [see also 6740ff] 歌謡

5770 Japanese poetry in Chinese (kanshi 漢詩) [crossref with Lit - Kanbun 5690]

5780 Modern style poetry

5790 Works by individual poets

—.10: Premodern, ancient and earliest

—.20: Nara period (645-794)

—.30: Heian period (794-1185)

—.40: Kamakura period, Yoshino (1185-1392) and Chūsei in general (1185-1600)

—.50: Muromachi, Ashikaga, Sengoku and Azuchi-Momoyama periods (1392-1615)

—.60: Kinsei, Edo, Tokugawa period, early modern (1600-1867)

—.70: Modern period, Meiji, Taishō, Shōwa and Heisei (1868- )

Drama

5800 General and history

5810 Nō (noh) and kyōgen 能楽・ 能・狂言 [see also 6834]

5820 Kabuki 歌舞伎 [see also 6835]

5830 Jōruri and bunraku (ballad plays, puppet plays) 浄瑠璃・文楽・人形浄瑠璃 [see also 6837]

5840 Modern drama [see also 6835.90]

Fiction, prose, essays

5900 General

5910 Anthologies

Premodern fiction and prose ( - 1868) [works, anthologies and specific studies and criticism]

5920 General

5921 Themes [Homosexual, Romantic, Filial, Step-child, Heroic and revengeful, War stories, Gikeiki, Hermitism reclusion, Buddhistic, Monsters and other weird things, Supernatural]

5922 Nara period and ancient ( -794) 古代・奈良時代

5923 Heian period (794-1185) 平安時代 [Taketori monogatari 竹取物語, Ise monogatari 伊勢物語, Heichū monogatari 平中物語, Yamato monogatari, Utsubo monogatari / Utsuho monogatari 宇津保物語, Ochikubo monogatari 落窪物語, Genji monogatari 源氏物語, Sagoromo monogatari 狭衣物語, Hamamatsu chūnagon monogatari 濵松中納言物語, Sanbō monogatari, Konjaku monogatari, Uchigiki shū, Tsutsumi chūnagon monogatari 堤中納言物語, Gōdanshō monogatari, Yowa no nezame 夜半の寝覚, Torikaebaya monogatari, Ima torikaebaya monogatari, Kara monogatari, Matsurano miya monogatari]

5924 Kamakura and Chūsei in general (1185-1600) 中世・鎌倉時代 [Heike monogatari 平家物語, Hōbutsu shū, Sumiyoshi monogatari, Kojidan 古事談, Hosshin shū, Shiki monogatari, Kankyō monogatari, Senjū shō, Uji shūi monogatari 宇治拾遺物語, Akitsushima monogatari, Iwashimizu monogatari [Jikkin shō: see 1xxx], Kokon cho mon jū, Ima monogatari, Naruto chūjō monogatari, Koke no koromo, Wagami ni tadoru himegimi, Yamaji no tsuyu, Kaze ni turerenaki monogatari, Eshi no sōshi, Obusuma saburō, Jigokuzōshi, Boroboro no sōshi, Shaseki shū, Zodan shū, Shōin chūnagon monogatari, Haseo monogatari, Hyōbukyō monogatari, Hōgen monogatari 保元物語, Heiji monogatari 平治物語, Jōkyūki 承久記 (Hōjōki 方丈記 see 5630)]

5925 Muromachi, Azuchi-Momoyama period (1392-1615) 室町・安土桃山時代

5926 Edo period, Kinsei (1600-1867) 近世・江戸時代 [Ejima Kiseki 江島其磧, Hachimonjiyabon, Ihara Saikaku, Jippensha Ikku 十返舎一九, Kyokutei Bakin, Ryūtei Tanehiko 柳亭種彦, Shikitei Sanba 式亭三馬, Tamenaga Shunsui, Ueda Akinari 上田秋成, Ugetsu monogatari 雨月物語, ...]

5928 Premodern by type

--.10: Gesaku [popular novels and stories] 戯作 [Jippensha Ikku 十返舎一九 (see also 5928.60), Kyokutei Bakin, Ryūtei Tanehiko 柳亭種彦, Shikitei Sanba, ...]

--.20: Yomihon [Ueda Akinari 上田秋成, Ugetsu monogatari 雨月物語, ...]

--.30: Otogizōshi 御伽草子 [see also 5925]

--.40: Sharebon 洒落本

--.50: Ninjōbon 人情本 [Tamenaga Shunsui, ...]

--.60: Kokkeibon, hanashibon, kobanashi 滑稽本・噺本・小咄 [Jippensha Ikku 十返舎一九 (see also 5928.10), Ukiyodoko 浮世床...]

--.70: Kyōgenbon

5929 Premodern by form

--.10: Kanazōshi

--.20: Ukiyozōshi 浮世草子 [Ejima Kiseki 江島其磧, Hachimonjiyabon, Ihara Saikaku, ...]

--.40: Kusazōshi

--.50: Kōseibyōshi

--.55: Akakohon

--.57: Hinamamehon

--.60: Akahon

--.70: Kurohon

--.80: Aohon

--.90: Kibyōshi 黄表紙

Modern fiction and prose (1868 - )

5930 General

5931 Criticism and biography

5932 Works by multiple authors [including selections, collections, anthologies]

5933 Works by individual authors [including zenshū, senshū, short stories, abstracts]

5940 Essays, columns, social and cultural criticism [see also philosophy 1000ff, society 4100ff, individual works 5933]

5960 Manga

5970 Japanese prose and fiction in Chinese (kanbun 漢文) [crossref with Lit - Kanbun 5690]

Literature in other regions [for foreign literature about Japan see 5590]

5990

5991

5992

5993

5994

5995

5996

5999