Philosophy and religion


Philosophy and thought 哲学・思想

1000 General

1001

1002

1004

1005

1006

1008 History and biography [for individuals pref. see 1500ff; see also 2250ff]

—.10: Kodai, prehistoric and ancient, premodern

—.20: Nara period (645-794)

—.30: Heian period (794-1185)

—.40: Kamakura period, Nanbokuchō (Yoshino) period (1185-1392) and Chūsei in general (1185-1600)

—.50: Muromachi, Ashikaga, Sengoku and Azuchi-Momoyama periods (1392-1615)

—.60: Kinsei, Edo, Tokugawa period, early modern (1600-1867)

—.70: Kindai (1850s- ), bakumatsu, Meiji, Taishō

—.80: Gendai (1926- ), Shōwa period, 20th century

—.90: Postwar Shōwa (1945- ), Heisei period (1989- ), contemporary

Schools 学派

1400 General

Confucianism 儒学・儒教

1440 General [Confucianism, Neo-Confucianism, Zhu Xi-ism, Wang Yangming, Mito school] [Arai Hakuseki, Hayashi Razan,, Itō Jinsai (伊藤仁斎), Kaibara Ekiken, Nakae Tōju (中江藤樹), Nishimura Shigeki]

Kokugaku, Japanism, Yamatoism 国学・和学 [see also 1912]

1450 General [Hirata Atsutane, Kada no Azumamaro, Kamo Mabuchi, Motoori Norinaga, Ōkuni Takamasa, ...]

Enlightenment and other Western-inspired intellectual movements 啓蒙思想

1460 General [see also Modern philosophy 1480] [Fukuzawa Yukichi, Mori Arinori, Nishi Amane, Nishimura Shigeki, ...]

Nihonjinron 日本人論

1470 General [for Nihonjinron on abc, see abc]

Modern philosophy 現代哲学と思想

1480 General [Kyōto school, Nishida, Tanabe Hajime]

Individual philosophers 哲学者・思想家 (個人)

1500 Individual philosophers (works, biography, criticism; all schools) [for rangaku see also 4008 & 7018]

1510 Kodai, prehistoric and ancient, premodern

1520 Nara period (645-794)

1530 Heian period (794-1185)

1540 Kamakura period, Nanbokuchō (Yoshino) period (1185-1392) and Chūsei in general (1185-1600)

1550 Muromachi, Ashikaga, Sengoku and Azuchi-Momoyama periods (1392-1615)

1560 Kinsei, Edo, Tokugawa period, early modern (1600-1867)
[Andō Shōeki, Arai Hakuseki, Fujita Tōko, Hayashi Razan, Hirata Atsutane, Itō Jinsai (伊藤仁斎), Kaibara Ekiken, Kamo Mabuchi, Kumazawa Banzan, Nakae Tōju (中江藤樹), Ogyū Sorai...]

1570 Kindai (1850s- ), bakumatsu, Meiji, Taishō
[Fukuzawa Yukichi, Mori Arinori, Nakae Chōmin, Nishi Amane, Nishimura Shigeki, Ōkuni Takamasa ...]

1580 Gendai (1926- ), Shōwa period, 20th century
[Hatano Seiichi, Hayashi Tatsuo, Miki Kiyoshi, Nishida Kitarō, Tanabe Hajime, Tsuda Sōkichi, Watsuji Tetsurō, ...]

1590 Postwar Shōwa (1945- ), Heisei period (1989- ), contemporary

Philosophical approaches, systems and fields 哲学の立場・分野・主題・分類・区分

General approaches and systems

1600 General [pref. philosophy in general; if on abc, see abc] [Agnosticism, Criticism, Dogmatism, Dualism, Electicism, Empirism, Evolution, Humanism, Fatalism, Idealism, Materialism, Monism, Mysticism, Nihilism, Optimism, Pessimism, Positivism, Pragmatism, Instrumentalism, Rationalism, Realism, Scholatsticism, Spiritualism, Utilitarianism, Vitalism, ...]

Epistemology, theory of knowledge 認識論

1620 General

Logic 論理学

1630 General [for logic of abc see abc] [deductive, inductive, genetic and evolutionary, mathemathical and algebraic, mechanical logical methods and system, chance and probability,...]

Metaphysics 形而上学

1640 General [ontology, existentialism, eschatology, cosmology, value, phenomenology,...]

Ethics 倫理学・道徳哲学

1650 General [for ethics on/of abc see abc]

1685.70 Bushidō [see pref. samurai, bushi 4202.10; military 4881.90]

Philosophy in other regions

1690

1691 [for Korean philosophy see K9029ff ; for Chinese philosophy see S12/0100ff]

1692

1693

1694

1695

1696

1699



Religion 宗教

1700 General, history and biography

—.10: Kodai, prehistoric and ancient, premodern

—.20: Nara period (645-794)

—.30: Heian period (794-1185)

—.40: Kamakura period, Nanbokuchō (Yoshino) period (1185-1392) and Chūsei in general (1185-1600)

—.50: Muromachi, Ashikaga, Sengoku and Azuchi-Momoyama periods (1392-1615)

—.60: Kinsei, Edo, Tokugawa period, early modern (1600-1867)

—.70: Kindai (1850s- ), bakumatsu, Meiji, Taishō

—.80: Gendai (1926- ), Shōwa period, 20th century

—.90: Postwar Shōwa (1945- ), Heisei period (1989- ), contemporary

1701

1702

1704

1705

1706

1709 [for general theology see 1715]

General aspects of religion

1711 Religious art and literature [pref. see specific religion; see also 6000ff Art & 5860ff Literature]

1712 Psychology of religion and spirituality

1714 Sociology of religion, religion and society (incl. religious festivals in general)

1715Theology 神学 (一般) [for theology of abc, see abc] [for philosophy of/on religion see 1709][for general mythology see 1730]

—.50: Immortality, mortality, transmigration (Heaven, Hell, the other world, reincarnation...)

—.90: Atheism, agnosticism

General relations

1718 Religion and science [science of religion see 1705, 1709]

1719 Religion and state (general) [for state shinto see 1942]

Primitive religions 原始宗教

1723General popular beliefs and folk religion

—.10: Popular beliefs and folk religion

—.20: Shamanism

—.30: Nature worship

—.40: Fetishism

—.70: Ancestor worship [general only; for specific religion, see that religion]

—.80: Demonology (demons, monsters, ghosts)

Mysticism 神秘主義

1724General

Mythology 神話 [see also relevant religions and literature 5938]

1730 General

Occultism オカルト [also check possible relevant religions]

1740 General

1741 Specific forms

—.10: Divination [yin-yang (inmyō, onmyō), five elements, Book of changes, feng shui]

—.20: Astrology 占星術

—.40: Fortune telling by anatomy 人体占い [palm reading, blood type, ...]

—.60: Witchcraft and magic 魔術・魔法・妖術

—.70: Numerology 数秘術

Religion in other countries [all subjects]

1790

1791

1792

1793

1794

1795

1796

1799

Buddhism 仏教

1800 General, history and biography

—.10: Kodai, prehistoric and ancient, premodern

—.20: Nara period (645-794)

—.30: Heian period (794-1185)

—.40: Kamakura period, Nanbokuchō (Yoshino) period (1185-1392) and Chūsei in general (1185-1600)

—.50: Muromachi, Ashikaga, Sengoku and Azuchi-Momoyama periods (1392-1615)

—.60: Kinsei, Edo, Tokugawa period, early modern (1600-1867)

—.70: Kindai (1850s- ), bakumatsu, Meiji, Taishō

—.80: Gendai (1926- ), Shōwa period, 20th century

—.90: Postwar Shōwa (1945- ), Heisei period (1989- ), contemporary

1801

1802

1804

1805

1806

1809

Temples and monasteries, pilgrimage 寺院 ・巡礼 [including architecture of; see also 6561]

1810 General [division by table 2 Japan]

Tripitaka, Buddhist canon of scripture 仏典・三蔵

1820 General

1821 Sutra (sutta pitaka)

—.10: Perfect wisdom sutra / heart sutra (Hannya kyō / Hannya shinkyō / Prajnaparamita) 般若経・般若心経

—.20: Lotus sutra (Hokekyō, Myōhō renge kyō / Saddharma pundarika)

—.30: Flower garland sutra (Kegon kyō / Avatamsaka)

—.60: Nirvana sutra (Nehankyō / Mahaparinirvana, Nirvana)

[Nikaya, (Himitsu), (Mahasannipata)Ratnakuta) Agamas, Avadana]

1827 Vinaya pitaka (monastic rules)

1828 Abhidharma pitaka

[(Abhidharma) (Madhyamika) (Yoga) (Mantra) (Castra)]

Buddhist deities 仏・菩薩・天王

1830 General [Buddhas, bodhisattvas, heavenly kings]

Rituals and practices 儀式・慣習・実践

1840 General

1841 Festivals

1842 Assembly for preaching and worship

1843 Priesthood (priests, monks, nuns)

1845 Prayers

1846 Funerals, offerings and sacrifices to departed spirits

1847 Dresses, furniture, regalia

1848 Relics, sacred objects

1850 Meditation, zazen

1852 Hymn chanting, sutra reading, nenbutsu

1855 Miscelaneous superstituous arts

1857 Apologetics, missionary works, proselytization

1860 Relations

1861 Relation with Shintō (and Shinbustu) [see also 1913.10, 1917.10]

1862 Relation with Christianity

1863 Relation with science

1864 Relation with state and politics

1865 Relation with society

1870Sects and schools

1871 Nanto rokushū (Six schools of Nara) 南都六宗 [Hossō 法相 (see also 1872), Sanron 三論, Kusha 倶舎 (see also Hossō 1872), Jōjitsu 成実, Kegon 華厳 (see also 1874), Ritsu ]

1872 Hossō 法相, Yuishiki 唯識 [see also 1871] [Dōshō 道昭, Chidatsu 智達, Chitsū 智通, Chihō 智鳳, Chiran 智鸞, Chiyū 智雄].

1873 Tendai 天台 [Saichō 最澄, Ennin 円仁 (Jikaku 慈覚), Tenkai (天海)]

1874 Kegon 華厳 [see also 1871] [Rōben 良辯]

1876 Shingon 真言 [Kūkai 空海 (Kōbō daishi 弘法大師), Eison 叡尊, Kakuban 覚鑁 (Kōgyō daishi 興教大師), Ninshō 忍性]

1877 Jōdo 浄土 [Hōnen 法然 (Genkū 源空)]

1878 Yūzūnenbutsu, Ji 融通念仏・時 [Ryōnin 良忍, Ippen 一遍]

1879 (Jōdo) shin 浄土真 [Shinran 親鸞, Rennyo 蓮如]

1880 Zen

1881 Zen branches

—.10: Rinzai 臨済 [kōan; Bankei Yōtaku (Eitaku) 盤珪永琢, Hakuin Ekaku 白隠慧鶴, Ikkyū Sōjun 一休宗純, Jakushitsu Genkō 寂室元光, Myōan Eisai 明菴栄西, Tekisui 滴水]

—.20: Sōtō 曹洞 [Dōgen 道元, Tōsui Unkei 桃水雲渓]

—.30: Ōbaku 黄檗

1882 Nichiren 日蓮 [and Sōka gakkai 創価学会] [Nichiren 日蓮]

1883 Other sects (new Buddhist sects and schools) [Reiyūkai 霊友会, Risshō Kōsei-kai 立正佼成会]

Buddhist literature and art

1890 Literature [see also 5500ff]

1895 Art [see also 6000ff] [for architecture see temples 1810 and religious architecture 6561]

Shintō 神道

General

1910 General, history and biography

—.10: Earliest and premodern

—.20: Nara period (645-794)

—.30: Heian period (794-1185)

—.40: Kamakura period, Yoshino (1185-1392) and Chūsei in general (1185-1600)

—.50: Muromachi, Ashikaga, Sengoku and Azuchi-Momoyama periods (1392-1615)

—.60: Kinsei, Edo, Tokugawa period, early modern (1600-1867)

—.70: Kindai (1850s- ), bakumatsu, Meiji, Taishō

—.80: Gendai (1926- ), Shōwa period, 20th century

—.90: Postwar Shōwa (1945- ), Heisei period (1989- ), contemporary

1911.10

—.20

—.40

—.50

—.60

Philosophy and theology

1912 General [see also 1450]

—.10: Sacred writings, teachings -- histories, mythologies [see also 3308]

—.30: Sacred writings, teachings -- norito

—.90: Kami 天神地祇・神祇

Schools and sects

1913 Traditional

—.10: Buddhist Shintō [see also 1861, 1917.10]

—.20: Ise shintō, Watarai shintō

—.30: Shirakawa shintō, Jingikan

—.40: Yoshida, Yuiitsu shintō

—.60: Fukko, kodō, kokugaku shintō [see also 1450]

—.70: Confucian shintō

—.80: Local, hereditary shintō

1914New

—.10: Shintō taikyō 神道大教

—.15: Izumo taisha-kyō 出雲大社教

—.20: Shintō taisei-kyō 神道大成教

—.25: Shintō shūsei-kyō 神道修成教

—.30: Shinri-kyō 神理教

—.40: Shinshū-kyō 神習教

—.45: Misogi-kyō 禊教

—.50: Fusō-kyō 枎桑教

—.54: Jikkō-kyō 実行教

—.58: Ontakekyō 御嶽教

—.60: Kurozumi-kyō 黒住教

—.70: Konkō-kyō 金光教

—.82: Ōmoto 大本

—.92: Tengen-kyō 天元教

Rituals and practices

1915General

—.10: Matsuri, festivals

—.20: Worship, ceremony, offering

—.30: Priests, shrine maidens, preaching, missionary work

—.50: Funerals, ministry of the dead

—.70: Popular beliefs and practices

—.90: Objects, regalia

Relations

1917 General

—.10: Buddhism [see also 1861, 1913.10]

—.70: State, state Shintō

—.80: Society, sociology

Shrines and pilgrimage

1918 General [division by table 2 Japan]

—.02: Kankokuheisha 官国幣社 (Imperial and national shrines)

—.04: Shōkonsha, Yasukuni jinja 招魂社・靖国神社

—.06: Local shrines [ichi no miya, hansha, fusha, kensha, gōsha, sonsha, mukakusha]

Art and literature

1919 General

Christianity キリスト教

General

1920 General, history and biography

—.10: Earliest and premodern

—.50: Christian century (1543-1639)

—.60: Kinsei, Edo, Tokugawa period, early modern (1600-1867)

—.70: Kindai (1850s- ), bakumatsu, Meiji, Taishō

—.80: Gendai (1926- ), Shōwa period, 20th century

—.90: Postwar Shōwa (1945- ), Heisei period (1989- ), contemporary

1921[General]

—.10:

—.20:

—.40:

—.50:

—.60:

Theology, scriptures, dogma, apologetics 神学・聖書・弁証学

1922 General

—.50: Bible 聖書

Rituals, practices, events 儀式・儀礼・慣習・典礼

1924 General

Relations

1926 General

—.10: Relation with Buddhism

—.20: Relation with Shintō

—.40: Relation with Confucianism

—.70: Relation with state and politics [see also 1985.10]

—.80: Relation with society and culture

Sects, schools and denominations 宗派・教派

1927 General

—.10: Oriental and Eastern churches 東方教会

—.30: Roman Catholic カトリック教会

—.50: Protestant churches プロテスタント

—.90: Japanese churches, kakure Kirishitan 隠れキリシタン・切支丹

Churches, monasteries, pilgrimage 教会・修道院

1928 General [division by table 2 Japan]

Art and literature

1929 General

Shugendō 修験道

1940 General

New religions 新宗教

1960 General

1966 Tenrikyō 天理教

1967 Aum shinrikyō, Aleph オウム真理教・Aleph (アレフ)

Other religions in Japan

1980 General (minority religions in Japan)

1981Taoism (Daoism) 道教

1984 Islam イスラム教

1987 Judaism ユダヤ教

Religion in other countries [all subjects]

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1999